Poverty in India – an analysis

Poverty is one of the most hotly debated issue. It has become a headache in the minds of govt. belonging to developing countries. Billions of dollars are spent on poors to move them out of poverty but do these efforts really bear fruit..what are the stimulus that gives the best result can only be known after doing several types of doses like education, healthcare facilities, micro finance, cash benefits, free food grain or at subsidised prices and much more benefits that accrue to poors . as we see around us. even we ourselves too gives alms to poor beggars sometime.
as a matter of fact first one needs to know what a poor is.. for determining poverty we have to draw a poverty line that demarcates poor from non- poors. over the years there has been several modifications in the poverty line . world bank has a poverty line , india has a different poverty line. our concern is the recent one given by the Planning commission that says rs. 27 per head per day are sufficient for a person to live. above which he is not poor in rural area . the corresponding criteria in urban region is rs. 32 .
alright , whether one can really live in 27 rs. is a matter of debate. majority will definitely laugh over this foot in mouth statement over how can one even eat two squares of meal in such a meagre amount.
also we did have a poverty line based on calorie intake that says a person living in rural area needs atleast 2400 calorie and 2100 calorie in urban areas. if below this they belongs to poor category.
because of inflation , over the years there has been upward revision in the poverty line based om the purchasing power.
one thing i doubt is that china reduced people in poverty by 220 million between 1978 and 2004. whole applauded their achievement as biggest poverty reduction i world history. India too reduced the corresponding figure from 407 million to 269 million. a fall of 138 million that too just in 7 years from 2004-05 to 2011-12 during the rule of UPA. a common man better knows how inflation has been consistently eroding his living standard. there was no celebration at all. no one cheered our achievement.everybody knows that govt. has manipulated the real picture by distorting data.
all i can say is that there has been an increase in nominal income of people over the years. people are spending more than they did before. even a vegetable seller keeps a cellphone. various sign of luxury you may say have become a habitual partof our life.
Poverty reduction has always been the top priority of every government coming in power. some of the traditional measures they adopt are as follows.
1. one of the most requirement of human being to live alive is food. govt provides subsidised food grain through PDS hoping that they will get plenty of nutrients and be healthy.
2. another measure much used in practice is Education. education can transform ones living completely. history is testimony to the fact.govt. has opened various schools to provide education for free to poor people. even med day meal plan too runs parallel. children who come to school gets a free lunch.
3.providing free healthcare to poor people has been a long cherished dream of govt. all i can say is that they have succeeded in building a mortar building which they call primary health centre. Yeah, off course Doctors comes there ..
4. for housing Govt. gives cash to poor so that they could build their house.
there are thousand of schemes running to uplift poor in our country to make their lives better. this was the theory part.
now some empirical evidence , firstly PDS majority of food grains founds its way to markets not the poor needy. it is full of leakages.
second , education – Pratham an NGO that carried an exercise covering 7 lakh children wanting to know the status of education. and finding were seriously strange…a fifth standard student could not do the mathematics of 2nd class. what more can you expect.. the figures were really high.most of the children do go to school but the output coming is not encouraging.Teacher absenteeism is rampant.
as far as health sector is concerned it is in the most dilapidated state. doctors hardly comes to rural areas. even you can not get a doctor for particular ailment . all you have is an allrounder who is arely seen.
one more Employement Guarantee scheme that gives 100 days of work to rural manual labour. the findings of CAG report were worth attention. on an average Uttar Pradesh provided work for 17 days per person.
this is crystal clear now that empirical studies have found severe lacuna in all the efforts of govt.these are the measures same again and again that we are adopting since independence.
one sector that was missing that did not provide helping hand was the banking sector. in the last years micro finance has changed the lives of poor . in Bangladesh , Prof. Yunus has effectively changed the lives of million of people uinder poverty. they are now making enough to lead a decent life. score of examples from India too that provides a ray of hope.


2 thoughts on “Poverty in India – an analysis

  1. Pingback: Type and Form of Rural Houses in India | Rashid's Blog

  2. Pingback: What If | janetkwest

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